You can blame it on the sun. Ultraviolet (UV) rays promote the production of melanin in the skin. As a result, pigmentation issues can result. Besides this particular issue, pigmentation problems can be activated by post-acne conditions or from pregnancy, genetics, and hormones.
One of the types of pigmentation issues often experienced by women with a darker skin tone is melasma. This condition, which is defined by a butterfly-shaped type mark, is known as chloasma when it occurs during pregnancy. The discolouration spreads over the facial area, thereby making the skin appear dull. Usually, the patches are seen on the upper cheeks. However, the brown discolouration can be observed on the upper lip, chin, and forehead as well.
About 60% of pregnant women can experience chloasma. In some instances, birth control pills cause the skin to be more sensitive to UV rays. Therefore, it is helpful to apply sunblock if you want to prevent a problem with melasma or chloasma. Use a sunblock that contains a physical blocker, such as zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, as you will receive better protection.
If melasma is known in your family history, you have to be especially diligent about wearing sunblock. The condition reveals itself as epidermal melasma or dermal melasma. Epidermal melasma is normally darker brown in tone and is characterised by definitive borders.
Dermal melasma is lighter brown as it forms beneath the layer of the surface skin. In some cases, it takes on a slight bluish hue. The borders are not as well defined as they are in epidermal melasma. Most melasma cases are considered mixed and feature brown patches on the surface layer and inner layer of the skin.
In order to treat the problem, you may want to opt for a quick facial package in Singapore. This treatment approach is non-invasive and can be used to lighten discolouration and rejuvenate the skin. The intensity of the therapy can be adapted to the severity of the condition.
Some clients have their melasma treated with the use of a laser. Normally, only one session is required for the therapy. However, you do not want to depend on laser treatments to take care of this type of pigmentation issue. Because lasers use heat that is absorbed into the skin, the skin can become more sun-sensitive over time.
Hydroquinone (HQ) is used to treat melasma as well. However, clients frequently experience side effects such as dryness, stinging, or redness. That is why a facial is often the best way to lighten the skin’s pigment. One popular facial uses milk essence and hibiscus sabdariffa flower to brighten and perfect the skin. In only one session, dead skin cells are removed, new skin cells emerge, and the skin is rehydrated. The facial treatment also visibly lightens pigmentation and stimulates the production of elastin and collagen.